The Matipu are an ethnic group close to extinction in Brazil which has a population estimated at about 127 individuals in 2010, they had a population of 40 in the 1995 census. They speak the Matipu language of the Carib family and are mainly of animist faith.
They live in the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso, in the Xingu National Park. They are mostly fishermen, hunters and farmers of cassava and maize. They are related to the Matipu-Nahukua group, with whom they both share a common a language despite the fact that they are ethnically different.
Text adapted from Wikipedia’s article on the Matipu Peoples