Shortly after Trump’s announcement, an inter-tribal coalition, comprised of the Ute Mountain Tribe, the Ute Indian Tribe, the Navajo Nation, the Hopi and the Zuni, filed the first lawsuit against the executive order on the basis that President Trump does not have the legal authority to remove the national monument protections.
Within the Bears Ears National Monument there are over 100,000 sacred sites and this region continues to provide cultural knowledge and value to the surrounding tribes. Indigenous Peoples still need these lands for ceremony, to harvest plants medicines, and to ensure that their traditions thrive. Secretary Ryan Zinke, Senator Orrin Hatch, and President Trump did not meet with tribal representatives to hear their arguments for maintaining the national monument, nor did they receive consent from these tribes to remove the protections. This is a direct violation of the nation to nation relationship that the federal government should maintain with sovereign tribal nations.
On April 26, 2017, President Trump signed an Executive Order that threatens to reduce public lands and in some cases abolish all protections for national monuments across the nation. During a 60-day public comment period, more than 2.7 million comments were submitted in support of all 27 national monuments that are under review for potential elimination or reduction in size by the Department of the Interior.
Reducing the size of Bears Ears is a blatant move for a wholesale sell-off of public lands to the oil, gas, and mining industries at the expense of the irreplaceable cultural and historical resources that designating these as national monuments was to prevent. Pro-extraction and industry spokespeople have been clear from the beginning that development within these boundaries has been their goal.
The following is a statement from the Indigenous Environmental Network:
“Once again the Trump Administration has shown its affinity for pandering to fossil fuel interests and that it cares very little for the protection of our environment or for Indigenous Peoples. Long before the Bears Ears and Grand Staircase Escalante areas became National Monuments, they were (and remain) sacred lands essential to the spiritual and sovereign practice of numerous tribal nations. Monument status helped preserve these spaces from industrial encroachment, but now we face the threat of even more fossil fuel extraction from Indigenous lands, and it must stop. We stand with the five tribal nations who are taking legal action and support their goal to preserve this sacred relationship to the land, not only for these five tribes but for all Americans who value public lands.”
Bears Ears National Monument is a United States National Monument located in San Juan County in southeastern Utah, established by President Barack Obama by presidential proclamation on December 28, 2016. The monument protects 1,351,849 acres of public land surrounding the Bears Ears. The name of the region is the same in each of the native languages represented there; the names are listed in the presidential proclamation as “Hoon’Naqvut, Shash Jáa [sic], Kwiyagatu Nukavachi, Ansh An Lashokdiwe” meaning “Bears Ears”