The Tuareg (also Twareg or Touareg, Berber: Imuhagh, besides regional ethnyms) are a Berber nomadic pastoralist people. They are the principal inhabitants of the Saharan interior of North Africa.
They call themselves variously Kel Tamasheq or Kel Tamajaq (“Speakers of Tamasheq”), Imuhagh, Imazaghan or Imashaghen (“the Free people”), or Kel Tagelmust, i.e., “People of the Veil”. These terms can also refer to Berbers in general.
There are approximately 1.2 million Tauregs located throughout Mali, Algeria, Niger, Libya and Burkina Faso.
Text adapted from Wikipedia’s article on the Tuareg Peoples