The Gunai or Kurnai (sometimes spelt as Gunnai and Ganai) is an Indigenous Australian nation of south-east Australia whose territory occupied most of present-day Gippsland and much of the southern slopes of the Victorian Alps. The nation was not on friendly terms with the neighbouring Wurundjeri and Bunurong nations. Many of the Gunai people resisted early European settlement through the 19th century, resulting in many brutal confrontations between Europeans and the Gunai. By some estimations, there were 15 Gunai massacres between 1840 and 1850 alone.

The Kurnai were a Matriarchal society, meaning that the women were the administrators or organisers, the men were the custodians of the land, being advised by the women.

Adapted from Wikipedia’s article on the Gunai People

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