The Co-operative Republic of Guyana is located on the northern coast of South America. It is bounded on the north by the Atlantic Ocean, on the east by Suriname, on the west by Brazil and Venezuela and on the south by Brazil. Guyana has an area of 214,969 square kilometers, however as a result of its history as a plantation colony about 90 per cent of the population is concentrated on the 435 km long coastal strip.
Main minority groups: indigenous Carib and Arawak 49,000, small Portuguese (0.2%, 2002 Census) and Chinese (0.19%, 2002 Census) populations.
The majority of the population of Guyana is of African and East Indian descent, with Indo-Guyanese being the dominant group. The rest of the population is of European, Chinese or indigenous origin.
The indigenous peoples are known locally as ‘Amerindians' (9.2%, 2002 Census). Indigenous people comprise nine ethnic groups, three in coastal areas and six in the forest and savannah areas of the interior.
Minority Rights Group International, World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples
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